THE STUDY OF DERIVATIONAL AND INFLECTIONAL MORPHEMES ON THE NOVEL ENTITLED “THE RED BADGE OF COURAGE” BY STEPHEN CRANE
Oleh : Mahbub Alawi, Universitas Muhammadiyah Gresik (digilib.umg.ac.id)
Dibuat : 2008-04-10, dengan 2 file
Keyword : THE RED BADGE OF COURAGE
Linguistics is the name given to the discipline which studies human language. One of the disciplines of linguistics is morphology. Moreover, morphology has some sub-fields such as morphemes, free morphemes which consist of lexical morpheme and functional morpheme, and bound morphemes which consist of derivational and inflectional morphemes.
This study uses descriptive research design, because it is aimed to find out the derivational and inflectional morphemes on the novel entitled ‘The Red Badge of Courage’ by Stephen Crane. After analyzing the data, the writer found out that the data are good to be analyzed because the forms of derivational and the types of inflectional morphemes in this study can be used to sharpen our sensitivity in understanding about the word and the word formation process as easily as possible. Moreover, in order to interpret the data more meaningfully, so the syntactic signal here can be used to analyze of how the word is ordered into the good sentence and how to classify the word classes as easily as possible.
The result of this study shows that the derivational form of noun is the highest number, because the data shows that there are sixty (60) for the derivational form of noun, three (3) for the derivational form of verb, nineteen (19) for the derivational form of adjective, and nine (9) for the derivational form of adverb. In addition, that the highest number for the types of inflectional morpheme is plural morpheme, because the data shows that there are fifty five (55) for plural morpheme, thirty seven (37) for past tense morpheme, six (6) for past participle morpheme, fifteen (15) for agreement morpheme, nine (9) for comparative morpheme, seven (7) for superlative morpheme, twenty (20) for present participle morpheme and eight (8) for genitive morpheme.
To sum up this study, the writer intends to show some unique findings. The first, he found out that not all the forms of derivational morphemes consist of affixes, like in the words; relief from the verb relieve, life from the verb live, and advice from the verb advise. These words are considered as derivational morphemes but they do not have affixes. The second, he also found out that not all the types of inflectional morphemes consists of suffixes, like the words in plural morphemes (men, feet and sheep), the words in past tense morphemes (came, left, told, thought, went, knew, saw, took, met, got, began, paid, lost, fought and said), the word in comparative morphemes (worse), and the word in superlative morphemes (best). These words are considered as inflectional morphemes but they do not have suffixes. The last, he found out that there were some unique words that have unique changing, like the words in comparative (better from the word well / good) and superlative (best from the word good). Based on this finding, the writer states that morphology is very important for us in understanding the word-making and the word-marking, because it contains many unique things in it.
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